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Planting Progress: Catch up on acreage, lag on emergence

May 16, 2017

Corn and soybean planting appears on target, percentage wise. But a slightly different picture of planting progress emerges from the acreage implied by USDA’s Prospective Planting report.

Nationally, USDA reports corn planting at 71 percent of the intended acres as of May 14, just one percentage point behind the five-year average. However, given the reduction in planned corn acreage, that means 63.9 million acres are in, compared with a five-year average of 65.1.

Iowa is well ahead of average progress with 85 percent complete. Other states in FCSAmerica’s territory also are ahead of average. Michigan and Pennsylvania – each 17 percentage points behind average – are the farthest behind. They accounted for 2.5 million and 1.41 million acres, respectively, last year and expected to grow 2.4 and 1.4 million this year, so their entire acreage is only 4 percent of total expected acres.

Corn emergence is behind in most states by an overall average of 31 percent versus 36 percent. The next hurdle, of course, is whether corn will see the growing degree days it needs to catch up and silk before the usual hot, dry summer weather sets in.

Percent planted and emerged in the 18 states accounting for 92% of 2016 corn acres:

Planted

Emerged

 

5/14/17

5-yr avg

Difference (percentage points)

5/14/17

5-yr avg

Difference (percentage points)

USA

71

70

1

31

36

-5

IA

85

75

10

28

35

-7

NE

78

76

2

31

34

-3

SD

77

66

11

15

21

-6

KS

85

75

10

28

35

-7

CO

53

61

-8

16

17

-1

IL

75

77

-2

47

50

-3

IN

56

62

-6

29

33

-4

KY

68

73

-5

45

50

-5

MI

30

47

-17

2

15

-13

MN

84

70

14

20

32

-12

MO

87

80

7

61

59

2

NC

93

93

0

86

81

5

ND

58

53

5

8

13

-5

OH

49

57

-8

24

25

-1

PA

35

52

-17

20

19

1

TN

89

88

1

74

69

5

TX

80

82

-2

72

70

2

WI

48

52

-4

3

12

-9

Data: USDA/NASS

Soybean planting is right on its average at 32 percent – even accounting for producer intentions to plant 7 percent more bean acres this year. About 28.6 million are in; 62.7 million remain. If producers were planting the five-year average of 81 million acres, the U.S. would be at 35 percent complete.

As with corn, the states served by FCSAmerica are on or ahead of average, while Michigan lags grain-producing states. Soybean emergence also is behind, on average, although several states are well ahead of schedule.

Percent planted and emerged in the 18 states accounting for 95% of 2016 soybean acre:

 

Planted

Emerged

 

5/14/17

5-yr avg

Difference (percentage points)

5/14/17

5-yr avg

Difference (percentage points)

USA

32

32

0

8

9

-1

IA

40

32

8

2

4

-2

NE

37

37

0

4

7

-3

SD

29

26

3

1

2

-1

KS

16

20

-4

4

5

-1

AR

62

50

12

49

35

14

IL

23

31

-8

6

9

-3

IN

23

31

-8

4

11

-7

KY

18

20

-2

6

7

-1

LA

86

70

16

76

48

28

MI

11

25

-14

0

4

-4

MN

47

40

7

0

5

-5

MS

81

64

17

72

47

25

MO

24

22

2

4

7

-3

NC

19

19

0

7

6

1

ND

29

28

1

1

2

-1

OH

19

27

-8

5

6

-1

TN

19

25

-6

4

8

-4

WI

15

20

-5

0

1

-1

Data: USDA/NASS

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